This small neighborhood, which is part of the West Town community area, was first settled in and developed by Germans after the Chicago Fire. Ukrainians soon followed, and they quickly became the predominant group in the area. Many of the residents were employed as the craftsmen that built "the mansions of their wealthy Wicker Park neighbors," and this helped solidify Ukrainian Village as a working-class neighborhood.
Even though the number of neighborhood residents with Ukrainian descent has dwindled to around 2,500, Ukrainian Village continues to be an important area for Chicago's Ukrainian population. The community is home to the Ukrainian Institute of Modern Art, the Ukrainian National Museum, the Ukrainian Cultural Center, as well as two of Chicago's largest Ukrainian churches, St. Nicholas Catholic Church and Ss. Volodymyr and Olha Ukrainian Catholic Church.