Located in the New City community area, Canaryville has historically been a predominantly Irish-American neighborhood. While the origin of the neighborhood's name is somewhat disputed, it is believed to have come from one of two sources. Some feel that the name Canaryville "may originally have been derived from the legions of sparrows who populated the area at the end of the nineteenth century, feeding off stockyard refuse and grain from railroad cars," while others argue that it came from the term that was given to the neighborhood's rough and unruly youths, called “wild canaries,” many of who were members of the local gangs.